School of Politics and International Studies

Responsibility to Protect Student Journal

About the Journal

The Responsibility to Protect Student Journal is a global, student-led, free online journal, which was founded in 2015 by a group of students from the University of Leeds and the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Geneva).

The journal aims to provide a platform through which undergraduate and postgraduate students can publish their academic work about the R2P and related topics, including international humanitarian law, human rights, and international criminal justice.

Follow us on Twitter: @R2PJournal
Like us on Facebook

In this section:


What are we looking for?

We are looking for excellent student essays, dissertation excerpts for the Journal and short commentaries, analytical pieces and creative work for the Blog. We welcome submissions on R2P related topics including mass atrocity prevention, humanitarian intervention, international criminal justice, peacekeeping, peacebuilding, genocide, international humanitarian law, UN Security Council decision making. This is not an exhaustive list, so please do get in touch with us if you are unsure whether your work meets our admissibility criteria.

Author guidelines for Journal submissions

Word count: 2,500-6,000 words (footnotes and bibliography not included). Shorter pieces may be considered for the blog (see below).

Referencing: Please use the Harvard referencing style and include a full bibliographic reference list for each source quoted.

Plagiarism: If your essay was written as part of an assessment item for a course, we advise you submit it to the R2P Student Journal after your essay was marked so that you do not plagiarise yourself.

Language: Submissions must be in English. English or American spelling is acceptable but must be consistent. Please edit your piece before submitting. Submissions must not be under consideration with other publishers, and must not be already published elsewhere.Submissions must not be under consideration with other publishers, and must not be already published elsewhere.

Formatting rules

  • All headings must be in bold and be left-aligned. Subheadings should be italicised. Any custom formatting must be removed before submission.
  • Do not indent the first sentence of a paragraph. Leave one line of space between each paragraph.
  • Do not italicise any quotations. Place all quotations in single quotation marks and indent quotes over 40 words.
  • Please remove any images (unless they are your own original work) from the essay before submission.

Author guidelines for Blog submissions

We welcome contributions on current developments in and reflections on humanitarian crises, mass atrocity prevention, peacebuilding, advocacy efforts and other R2P related themes. The blog is a space for youth to express their thoughts or
experiences regarding these themes through commentaries, analytical pieces and creative work (poems, photography, video, short documentary etc.).

Word count: For commentaries and analytical pieces, aim for 500-800 words. Longer pieces may be considered.

Referencing: Where possible, include hyperlinks. Otherwise, please use the Harvard referencing style.

Language: Submissions must be in English. If you have a good piece but do not feel confident enough with your level of English, please get in touch. Our editorial team will be happy to work with you to refine your work and provide further guidance.

Formatting rules

  •  All headings must be in bold and be left-aligned. Subheadings should be italicised. Any custom formatting must be removed before submission.
  • Do not indent the first sentence of a paragraph. Leave one line of space between each paragraph.
  • Do not italicise any quotations. Place all quotations in single quotation marks and indent large quotes.


Q: Who can submit?

A: Any undergraduate or postgraduate (including research) student can submit their work for the Journal. We welcome submissions from university students all over the world as long as they are in English (translated pieces are acceptable). If you have already graduated, we are happy to accept the article if it was written within 12 months of your graduation date. Please state in your submission email whether you are a current or former student and when your article was written.
For the Blog, we welcome submissions from young people, regardless of their student status.

Q: When can I submit?

A: We publish two Journal issues every year. For our 2018 Spring issue, the deadline for submissions is 31st March 2018.

For the Blog, we welcome submissions all year round. We aim to respond to you with our decision on whether your article/blog will be published or requires revision within 2 weeks of submission.

Q: How to submit?

A: If you decided to submit your work to the R2P Student Journal or the Blog, please download this Submission Form, fill it in and send it with your essay to Please make sure you have made all the modifications in line with the formatting rules set out above.

Q: What about copy rights?

A: We believe in open access and the free-flow of information. The R2P Student Journal is a cost-free resource and free to share or cite as long as you give appropriate credit in accordance to Creative Commons licensing.

Editorial team


Georgiana Epure, Founder & Co-Editor-in-chief

Georgiana has an MPhil in International Relations from the University of Cambridge, Christ’s College. Her MPhil research, funded by the Gates Cambridge Trust, focused on the International Criminal Court’s discourse of ‘Responsibility to Prosecute’ perpetrators of mass atrocities. She holds a first class BA in International Relations from the University of Leeds and will return to Leeds in October 2017 as an ESRC funded-scholar to study for an MA in Social Sciences and Research Methods in preparation for her doctoral research on international criminal justice. She is the founder of the Responsibility to Protect Student Coalition at Leeds and together with Dominique Fraser, in 2015, she co-funded the R2P Student Journal.  @GeorgianaEpure

Kristin Smette Gulbrandsen, Co-Editor-in-Chief

Kristin is a Research Assistant at Swansea University where she is working on issues of digitalisation and social exclusion in the European High North. She has a MA in Security Studies from Aberystwyth University and obtained her BA in International Relations from the University of Leeds, where she helped to found the first R2P Student Coalition in Europe.

Emma Bapt

Emma has a BA in War Studies & History from King’s College London, where she was also President of the KCL News Decoder Society, a partnership between King’s and online news forum News-Decoder working to decode global news issues. She worked on the Strategic Survey 2018: The Annual Assessment of Geopolitics publication for the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London last summer and has recently come back from Washington DC working at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP). She is now working at the Institut de Recherche Stratégique de l’École Militaire (IRSEM) at the French Ministry of Defense on defence and security issues in Africa.

Veronica Guranda

Veronica has an MSc in Defence, Development and Diplomacy from the University of Durham, Trevelyan College. Her MSc research focused on memory mediation and peacebuilding in Nicosia, equally undertaking a fieldtrip she explored discourse and memory in a post-conflict society, in Bosnia. She holds a BA in Social Sciences from Paris Descartes SHS Sorbonne and a BA in Combined Honours in Arts from Durham University. She acquired international experience in the field of political and social sciences, with a particular focus on post-conflict societies and political memory whilst a trainee at the Association for Historical Dialogue and Research in Cyprus, migration and social rights whilst a social mediator at Coallia in France and peacebuilding and development whilst interning at UNDP Moldova. Currently she is a Bluebook trainee at the European External Action Service.


Peer reviewers

Daniel-WandDaniel Wand

Daniel is an ESRC White Rose funded doctoral candidate the University of Leeds and is co-supervised at the University of Sheffield. Daniel’s research concerns the sustainability of liberal international society in light of the rise of emerging states, focusing on the ICC, international criminal justice and R2P. He is also a Graduate Teaching Assistant. Previously, Daniel worked in the public law department of a leading law firm and was a founding member and director of an international affairs and foreign policy think-thank based in London. He holds an LLB and an LLM in public international law with Distinction from the University of Sheffield.

Sam-JarvisSamuel Jarvis

Samuel Jarvis is a PhD research student at the University of Sheffield. He is currently completing an ESRC funded PhD entitled “Moral Progress and its Political Limits: ‘Common Humanity’ as a Driver of State Behaviour”. Prior to joining the University of Sheffield, Samuel completed both a Masters (Distinction) and BA (First Class) in IR at the University of Leeds. His dissertation “Understanding Normative Contestation: The Added Value of International Legitimacy in the Case of R2P” was awarded best Masters dissertation in POLIS (2014). He is also a member of the White Rose ESRC DTC PhD network Responsibility to Protect and Prosecute: Its Problems and Alternatives. You can follow him on Twitter @Sam_Jarvis_

Alice Musabende                                                                                                                                        

Alice Musabende is a current Gates Scholar and a second year PhD student in Politics & International Studies at Murray Edwards College, University of Cambridge. Born and raised in Rwanda, Alice is a survivor of the Rwandan genocide against the Tutsis of 1994 and is currently researching the dynamics of state building and peacebuilding in the context of post-conflict countries in the Great Lakes of Africa. Alice graduated from Rwanda’s first School of Journalism, holds a Masters in Journalism from Carleton University as well as a Masters in International Development Studies from Dalhousie University, both in Canada. Previously, Alice worked as a journalist for some of Canada’s major news organizations.


Blake Lawrinson

Blake is a doctoral researcher at the University of Leeds funded by the Leeds Doctoral Scholarship Scheme, focusing on the UK and human protection. He holds both an MA and a BA degree in International Relations from the University of Leeds, where he has previously acted as the President of the R2P Student Coalition. His Master’s dissertation examined the interaction between human protection norms in Mali (2013-2016). @BlakeLawrinson

Sabrina White 

Sabrina is an ESRC funded-scholar working on her MA in Interdisciplinary Social Research at the University of Leeds in preparation for her PhD in Politics and International Relations. She holds an MA in International Relations from Webster University and a BM in Music Performance from Valdosta State University and has eight years of lecturing experience in International Relations and Gender Studies. Her current research focuses on the Women Peace and Security Agenda, Sexual Exploitation in Peacekeeping Operations, and post-structuralism in international political discourse at the United Nations. @sabrina_white1


Alexander Gilder

Alex is currently researching for a PhD in Law at City, University of London funded by a Graduate Teaching Assistantship. His research investigates the UN’s operationalisation of human security in UN-led peace operations and the consequential effects on the mandating of missions. He has a particular interest in UN stabilization operations. He holds an LLB (Hons) from the University of Lincoln and an LLM in Public International Law, with a specialisation in International Human Rights Law, from Utrecht University. Alex was previously an Executive Editor for the Utrecht Journal of International and European Law (Ubiquity) and the Editorial Assistant for the Journal on the Use of Force and International Law (Routledge). Alex can be found on Twitter @AlexGilder1.



Advisory Board

We would like to thank the following people for being part of the R2P Student Journal’s Advisory Board:

  • Dr Simon Adams, Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Naomi Kikoler, Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide, US Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Dr Kate Ferguson, Protection Approaches
  • Prof Alex Bellamy, University of Queensland – Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Savita Pawnday, Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Dominique Frasner, Founder – The R2P Student Journal, GAMAAC
  • Dr Jess Gifkins, University of Manchester – Honorary Research Fellow at the Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Dr Adrian Gallagher, University of Leeds – European Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Prof Jason Ralph, University of Leeds – European Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Dr Cristina Stefan (formerly Badescu), University of Leeds – European Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Chloë Gilgan, University of York – York Law School 

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