School of Politics and International Studies

Responsibility to Protect Student Journal

About the Journal

The Responsibility to Protect Student Journal is a global, student-led, free online journal, which was founded in 2015 by a group of students from the University of Leeds and the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Geneva).

The journal aims to provide a platform through which undergraduate and postgraduate students can publish their academic work about the R2P and related topics, including international humanitarian law, human rights, and international criminal justice.

Follow us on Twitter: @R2PJournal
Like us on Facebook

In this section:


What are we looking for?

We are looking for excellent student essays, dissertation excerpts for the Journal and short commentaries, analytical pieces and creative work for the Blog. We welcome submissions on R2P related topics including mass atrocity prevention, humanitarian intervention, international criminal justice, peacekeeping, peacebuilding, genocide, international humanitarian law, UN Security Council decision making. This is not an exhaustive list, so please do get in touch with us if you are unsure whether your work meets our admissibility criteria.

All submissions should adhere to the author guidelines outlined below, and be submitted to alongside a completed submission form.


Author guidelines for Journal submissions

Word count: 2,500-6,000 words (footnotes and bibliography not included). Shorter pieces may be considered for the blog (see below).

Referencing: Please use the Harvard referencing style and include a full bibliographic reference list for each source quoted.

Plagiarism: If your essay was written as part of an assessment item for a course, we advise you submit it to the R2P Student Journal after your essay was marked so that you do not plagiarise yourself.

Language: Submissions must be in English. English or American spelling is acceptable but must be consistent. Please edit your piece before submitting. Submissions must not be under consideration with other publishers, and must not be already published elsewhere.Submissions must not be under consideration with other publishers, and must not be already published elsewhere.

Formatting rules

  • All headings must be in bold and be left-aligned. Subheadings should be italicised. Any custom formatting must be removed before submission.
  • Do not indent the first sentence of a paragraph. Leave one line of space between each paragraph.
  • Do not italicise any quotations. Place all quotations in single quotation marks and indent quotes over 40 words.
  • Please remove any images (unless they are your own original work) from the essay before submission.


Author guidelines for Blog submissions

We welcome contributions on current developments in and reflections on humanitarian crises, mass atrocity prevention, peacebuilding, advocacy efforts and other R2P related themes. The blog is a space for youth to express their thoughts or
experiences regarding these themes through commentaries, analytical pieces and creative work (poems, photography, video, short documentary etc.).

Word count: For commentaries and analytical pieces, aim for 500-800 words. Longer pieces may be considered.

Referencing: Where possible, include hyperlinks. Otherwise, please use the Harvard referencing style.

Language: Submissions must be in English. If you have a good piece but do not feel confident enough with your level of English, please get in touch. Our editorial team will be happy to work with you to refine your work and provide further guidance.

Formatting rules

  •  All headings must be in bold and be left-aligned. Subheadings should be italicised. Any custom formatting must be removed before submission.
  • Do not indent the first sentence of a paragraph. Leave one line of space between each paragraph.
  • Do not italicise any quotations. Place all quotations in single quotation marks and indent large quotes.



Q: Who can submit?

A: Any undergraduate or postgraduate (including research) student can submit their work for the Journal. We welcome submissions from university students all over the world as long as they are in English (translated pieces are acceptable). If you have already graduated, we are happy to accept the article if it was written within 12 months of your graduation date. Please state in your submission email whether you are a current or former student and when your article was written.
For the Blog, we welcome submissions from young people, regardless of their student status.

Q: When can I submit?

A: We aim to publish at least one issue every year, and accept submissions on a rolling basis. We also release calls for papers in connection with upcoming issues, which can be found on our website, on Facebook and on Twitter.

For the blog we also welcome submissions all year round. We aim to respond to you with our decision on whether your article/blog will be published or requires revision within 3 weeks of submission.

Q: How to submit?

A: If you decided to submit your work to the R2P Student Journal or the Blog, please download this Submission Form, fill it in and send it with your essay to Please make sure you have made all the modifications in line with the formatting rules set out above.

Q: What about copy rights?

A: We believe in open access and the free-flow of information. The R2P Student Journal is a cost-free resource and free to share or cite as long as you give appropriate credit in accordance to Creative Commons licensing.

Editorial team


Georgiana Epure, Founder & Co-Editor-in-chief

Georgiana holds an MPhil degree in International Relations and Politics from the University of Cambridge funded by the Gates Trust, and an MA degree in Social Science Research Methods from the University of Leeds, where she also completed her BA and graduated as valedictorian. Her interests lie primarily in responses to and accountability for gross human rights violations. She spent the last years researching this subject, as well as interning at the International Criminal Court and the European Union External Action Service. She is a passionate advocate for gender equality and as a Women Deliver Young Leader alumna and a member of the Association for Liberty and Gender Equality she has worked on advocacy projects for women’s rights in Romania. She is the founder of the Responsibility to Protect Student
Journal, which she set up in 2015 with Dominique Fraser. @GeorgianaEpure


Kristin Smette Gulbrandsen, Co-Editor-in-Chief

Kristin is a doctoral student in the Department of Human Geography at Lund University, Sweden. Previously, she worked as a Research Assistant at Swansea University where she worked on issues around digitalisation and social exclusion in the European High North. She has a MA in Security Studies from Aberystwyth University and obtained her BA in International Relations from the University of Leeds, where she helped to found the first R2P Student Coalition in Europe.



Emma Bapt, Executive Editor of Submissions and Content

Emma is currently an MA student at the Johns Hopkins University SAIS Europe in Bologna with a concentration in Conflict Management, International Economics and Arabic. She has a BA in War Studies & History from King’s College London, where she was also President of the KCL News Decoder Society, a partnership between King’s and online news forum News-Decoder working to decode global news issues. She has worked in think tanks in London (International Institute for Strategic Studies working on the Strategic Survey 2018 publication) and in Washington, DC, at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy on the Middle East. Before starting her MA, Emma was a Research Assistant at the Institut de Recherche Stratégique de l’École Militaire (IRSEM) at the French Ministry of Defense working on defence and security issues in Mali and Sudan.

Charlotte Abbott, Junior Editor

Charlotte is studying for a BA in International Relations at the University of Leeds, whilst being one of the student representatives for the European Centre for the Responsibility to Protect. Charlotte is also Co-President for the Leeds ECR2P society which she founded alongside three other students. She works as a researcher into the usefulness of academic partnerships with NGOs at the University. Her particular interests include how humanity and rights are changing in relation to geopolitics and the natural environment.

Emily Faux, Junior Editor

Emily is currently studying for a BA in International Relations at the University of Leeds, where she was awarded an academic scholarship for attainment. She is Co-President of the European Centre for The Responsibility to Protect Student Coalition, for which she organises a range of academic events and opportunities for students to engage with the R2P. Emily is experienced in campaigning, both on and offline; one success being pressuring local nightclubs to bring in anti-spiking technology. Emily also works for the National Citizenship Service and has volunteer experience at home and overseas.


Peer reviewers

Daniel-WandDaniel Wand

Daniel is an ESRC White Rose funded doctoral candidate the University of Leeds and is co-supervised at the University of Sheffield. Daniel’s research concerns the sustainability of liberal international society in light of the rise of emerging states, focusing on the ICC, international criminal justice and R2P. He is also a Graduate Teaching Assistant. Previously, Daniel worked in the public law department of a leading law firm and was a founding member and director of an international affairs and foreign policy think-thank based in London. He holds an LLB and an LLM in public international law with Distinction from the University of Sheffield.

Sam-JarvisSamuel Jarvis

Samuel Jarvis is a PhD research student at the University of Sheffield. He is currently completing an ESRC funded PhD entitled “Moral Progress and its Political Limits: ‘Common Humanity’ as a Driver of State Behaviour”. Prior to joining the University of Sheffield, Samuel completed both a Masters (Distinction) and BA (First Class) in IR at the University of Leeds. His dissertation “Understanding Normative Contestation: The Added Value of International Legitimacy in the Case of R2P” was awarded best Masters dissertation in POLIS (2014). He is also a member of the White Rose ESRC DTC PhD network Responsibility to Protect and Prosecute: Its Problems and Alternatives. You can follow him on Twitter @Sam_Jarvis_

Alice Musabende                                                                                                                                        

Alice Musabende is a current Gates Scholar and a second year PhD student in Politics & International Studies at Murray Edwards College, University of Cambridge. Born and raised in Rwanda, Alice is a survivor of the Rwandan genocide against the Tutsis of 1994 and is currently researching the dynamics of state building and peacebuilding in the context of post-conflict countries in the Great Lakes of Africa. Alice graduated from Rwanda’s first School of Journalism, holds a Masters in Journalism from Carleton University as well as a Masters in International Development Studies from Dalhousie University, both in Canada. Previously, Alice worked as a journalist for some of Canada’s major news organizations.


Blake Lawrinson

Blake is a doctoral researcher at the University of Leeds funded by the Leeds Doctoral Scholarship Scheme, focusing on the UK and human protection. He holds both an MA and a BA degree in International Relations from the University of Leeds, where he has previously acted as the President of the R2P Student Coalition. His Master’s dissertation examined the interaction between human protection norms in Mali (2013-2016). @BlakeLawrinson

Sabrina White

Sabrina is an ESRC funded-scholar working on her MA in Interdisciplinary Social Research at the University of Leeds in preparation for her PhD in
Politics and International Relations. She holds an MA in International Relations from Webster University and a BM in Music Performance from Valdosta State University and has eight years of lecturing experience in International Relations and Gender Studies. Her current research focuses on the Women Peace and Security Agenda, Sexual Exploitation in Peacekeeping Operations, and post-structuralism in international political discourse at the United Nations. @sabrina_white1


Alexander Gilder

Alexander is a Lecturer in Law at Royal Holloway, University of London. His research interests lie in international conflict and security law. Specifically, Alex’s work looks at themes related to UN stabilization mandates, the operationalisation of human security, and the role of the individual in international law. He holds an LLB (Hons) from the University of Lincoln, an LLM in Public International Law from Utrecht University, and is finishing up his PhD at City, University of London. Alex was previously an Executive Editor for the Utrecht Journal of International and European Law (Ubiquity) and the Editorial Assistant for the Journal on the Use of Force and International Law (Routledge). Alex can be found on Twitter @AlexGilder1.

Liam Bagshaw

Liam is currently a PhD research student and sessional lecturer at the University of Reading. He is working on a project examining the relationships between international law, global capitalism, and the creation/reduction of disaster risk. Prior to this, he completed Master’s degrees in international relations and international law, achieving a Distinction in both. Liam wrote both his master’s dissertations on R2P, but is also interested in human rights, disasters, and other humanitarian concerns


Francesca Freeman

Francesca recently completed her Masters degree in Holocaust and Genocide Studies at the University of Amsterdam. Her Master’s thesis, which examined rescuing during the Rwandan genocide, received the Faculty of Humanities Thesis Prize. Francesca currently works at Syrian Youth Empowerment, guiding Syrians through the college application process, and previously worked as a Program Assistant for the Next Generation Social Sciences in Africa program at the Social Science Francesca completed her Bachelor’s program with honours from the University of Chicago with a double major in anthropology and comparative race and ethnic studies and a minor in human rights. Francesca has previously worked on international grassroots mobilisation against genocide and mass atrocities as the National Director of STAND: The Student-Led Movement to End Mass Atrocities and as an intern for The Aegis Trust in Rwanda


Thu Anh Nguyen

Thu is currently a PhD candidate at the School of Government and International Relations, Griffith University, Australia. Her research interests center around norms operationalization in international relations, international refugee laws, R2P, and human protection in Southeast Asia. She obtained her BA in International Studies from Hue University of Foreign Languages, Vietnam and MA in Southeast Asian Studies from Chualongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. She has had six years of teaching at the Department of International Studies, Hue University of Foreign Languages, Vietnam.


Henry Staples

Henry is a third year doctoral student in the Department of Geography at the University of Sheffield. His research lies at the intersection of. social movement studies and post-conflict peacebuilding with a focus on the 2016 Colombian peace accord. He holds a Research Masters in International Development Studies from the University of Amsterdam where he graduated cum laude, and a BA (Hons) in Land Economy from the University of Cambridge. His Masters dissertation examined strategies of resistance and territorial organising in the favelas of Rio de Janiero, and he also previously worked as a language assistant for the British Council in Spain.


Rachael Steer

Rachael is a graduate student in International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Her research focuses on threat perception and intercultural communication. Prior to her time in London, she attended the University of Akron, graduating in Spring 2019 with a degree in Philosophy, Political Science, and Economics. During her undergraduate studies, she completed internships in both Washington, D.C. and Rome for the U.S. Department of State, as well as academic programs in Los Angeles, Beijing, and Tokyo. She also worked in refugee integration services in the Greater Akron area.

Evan Supple

Evan is a Master’s candidate in Interdisciplinary Studies at Athabasca University, with a focus on political philosophy and post-Marxist theory. His present research straddles a series of exigencies ranging from environmental stewardship to post-capitalist political emancipation, informed by the philosophies of Alain Badiou and Slavoj Žižek. Evan, a ballet dancer by career, also holds a BFA in Dance Performance from Marymount Manhattan College in New York. As a trained sexual assault advocate and HIV/AIDS activist, Evan continues to find new ways to meaningfully integrate theory and practice in everyday life.


Advisory Board

We would like to thank the following people for being part of the R2P Student Journal’s Advisory Board:

  • Dr Simon Adams, Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Naomi Kikoler, Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide, US Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Dr Kate Ferguson, Protection Approaches
  • Prof Alex Bellamy, University of Queensland – Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Savita Pawnday, Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Dominique Fraser, Founder – The R2P Student Journal, GAMAAC
  • Dr Jess Gifkins, University of Manchester – Honorary Research Fellow at the Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Dr Adrian Gallagher, University of Leeds – European Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Prof Jason Ralph, University of Leeds – European Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Dr Cristina Stefan (formerly Badescu), University of Leeds – European Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  • Chloë Gilgan, University of York – York Law School 

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